Watercress belongs to the Brassicaceae family, and is botanically related to radish and wasabi. It is a rapidly growing, aquatic or semi-aquatic, perennial plant that is native to Europe and Asia. It is also regarded as one of the oldest known leafy vegetables consumed by humans. Watercress is a very low-calorie green leafy vegetable that is regarded to have antioxidant properties and is recommended in cholesterol lowering and weight reduction programs. The leaves and stem of Watercress contains gluconasturtiin, a glucosinolate compound that gives a peppery flavor. The hydrolysis product of which serves to have anti-cancer properties through the inhibition of phase-1 enzymes. Also, Watercress has high amounts of vitamin C that helps trap free-oxygen radicals and reactive oxygen species. With regular consumption of Vitamin C, it may help maintain normal connective tissue, prevent iron deficiency, and also boost the immune system. Watercress is one of the excellent sources of Vitamin K, which has the potential role in bone health by promoting osteotrophic activity or bone formation and strengthening. Vitamin K also elps limit neuronal damage in the brain, thus having potential benefits for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. With regular Watercress intake in the diet, it may help prevent osteoporosis, anemia, and Vitamin A. Moreover, it is believed to protect us from cardiovascular diseases and colon and prostate cancers.
It is also known as Nasturtium officinale.
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Benefits and Effectiveness
Wiki Last Updated: 2016-02-15
The appropriate dosage of Watercress greatly depends on several factors such as the individual's age, health, and condition. It would be best to consult your healthcare provider first for the proper dosage of Watercress.
When consumed in large amounts or long-term, Watercress may cause stomach upset or kidney problems. Moreover, Watercress may be unsafe for children, especially those younger than 4 years old.
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